What are Information – Data security threats?

This is from an actual question I fielded as Antibotnet alternate Yahoo ID at yahoo Answers > Security….


Information security – threat? In information security what do we call a “threat” exactly? Hacker? or action itself aka eavesdropping/ system intrusion? Kinda confused about the concept http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20130420123253AAJSqc2


Best Answer – Chosen by Asker


Not sure if you mean general average user or actual IT Security ? The term threat to the average user computer is several fold.

Threat generally means malware such as a computer virus, worm, trojan, spyware etc. Malware can pose a threat to the actual operating system (Windows etc) as destrutive to the system and even hardware. It can destroy the operating system rendering it inoperable via corruption of files and/or actual deletion of system files such as by a worm.

Threats by spyware are generally referring to comprimising personal information generally always meaning financial information such as account numbers and pins etc that might be stored by a user in a document or text file etc. Another spyware category threat as “keylogger” can record everything being typed such as purchases online etc. Threat here means ultimately as an attempt as ID Theft, but also includes like personal photos and media etc that can be copied and transmitted in stealth from the infected unprotected computer. As well these threats to information includes all email contacts and any information there as a phone number, address, etc. – such as copy/transmitting these via spyware or even some viruses from the Contacts/Address Book information stored in the computer email programs contacts area. When you consider a broad term as “Social Engineering” you can place together additional areas of crime as stalking etc outside the computer system and worldwide web – robberies, kidnaps, and worst – due to threats to information or “data” stored in the computer.

Quality antimalware installed on the computer prevents these.

Threats also mean hackers trying to break into and take over a computer, and an acute looming threat if there is no personal software firewall installed.

Threat may also refer to security holes in the operating system and/or other softwares installed. These get patch/fix/update/upgrade through as example Windows Updates or similar in other operating systems as Linux, Apple/Mac etc.

It is on the enterprise corporate level in IT Security that refers to computer security for Home/Small Businesses all the way up to major companies/corporations etc. These are hired to address computing security for businesses against malware threats and much more. Computer forensics is an additional add-on or hired outside the/for the firm.

Biometrics security refers generally to physical type preventions as voice and retina and fingerprint recognition etc. to even gain entry into like a security firm as a major antivirus company as example. These too may include similar to even access a company computer. Threats to these areas are another area other than malware and an up to date fully patched computer.

SEE Zero Day threats…. also:

http://www.webopedia.com/TERM/Z/Zero_Day_exploit.html http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zero-Day_Attack


List of threats to PCs…. http://bluecollarpc.us/threats-faqs/






Typical Question – How did I get infected with trojan and virus

Typical Question – How did I get infected with trojan and virus…

(I am antibotnet Yahoo ID as webmaster www.bluecollarpc.us)


may help a little with orientation with the behavior of malware. A trojan takes control and wants to do something and will rifle actions to get it done. A crash may occur because it is not normal expected behavior of the healthy system as is giving control command in an underhanded way as brute force. Trojans have evolved greatly and they have security software disabling trojans which disable free products and some shareware products as well. There are now Downloader Trojans that install more and more malware as the rootkit usually does. There are backdoor trojans that affect connectivity and control vital areas.

The crash you mention probably did occur from the trojan infection and spyware does this too as opposed to a computer virus or worm. AVG did indicate a trojan infection found.

Viruses take over files to spread themselves. Some are specifically created to destroy computer files, systems, or drive itself. Newer ones have been crafted to steal passwords.

Your problem seems to be you are using the free AVG version which will NOT protect the computer because Real Time Protection is only activated in paid subscription antivirus and antispware products. If you had AVG paid antivirus – it would have blocked the trojan infection from occurring. NOTE today there are many newer and sophisticated trojans that simple antivirus no longer detects all. Antispyware will detect many of these and particularly ones used in spyware installations.

These can happen anywhere on the world wide web at any infected website whether hacked or intentionally a malicious content website. This is called a “drive by infection” meaning the unprotected computer will get infected just by visiting a bad website. This can include and is not limited to virus, trojan, spyware, and botnet infections. You MUST have Real Time Protection activated or there is NO protection.

The free home version scanners are called stand alone on demand scanning as “reactive” protection. Paid subscription security softwares have all this plus the “proactive” Real Time Protection processes (heuristics) that block all infections from occurring in the first place. All that gets past this is generally embedded malware in some software download that can be found by scanning the package FIRST before clicking to install OR will detect it trying to execute when the installer package is double clicked to execute the installation.

Threatfire is great as just the Real Time Protection processes protection themselves for both ativirus and antispwyare catagory threats. You can add that and scan regularly with AVG free. http://www.threatfire.com/
You forgot antispware with Real Time Protection – get free from Microsoft, Windows Defender to add to this package….. http://www.microsoft.com/athome/security/spyware/software/default.mspx

There are only two or three known antivirus and antispwyare programs in the world that have offered free Real Time Protection products, and fortunately they are far from dog programs. They have won several prestigious awards that the big companies have such as the VB100 Award and West Coast Certification to name a couple. I would pick one and install it immediately and keep AVG off to the side as a secondary stand alone scanner.

Microsoft Security Essentials

Comodo Free Anti Virus

Spyware Terminator
(Antispyware and antivirus. Real time protection added ! )
* Fast spyware scanning
* 100% real-time protection
* HIPS protection
* Antivirus protection
* Multilanguage Support



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