Windows Registry Help

Windows Registry Help

Windows Registry Information

Links to Windows Registry information and also Registry Cleaners utilitites… Windows Registry….  

To begin …. The difficulty in spelling out how to work with the Registry and associated Files is not easy and only for one reason. That reason is that mistaken deletions will cause damage. This is why it takes time – even months – to begin to know your machine like the back of your hand, what’s under the hood. A healthy fear is necessary to learn. However, the bottom line is that this eventually becomes necessary for all computer owners unless you are rich enough to keep dropping your Computer off at the repair shop for what you will learn are very simple procedures as easy as deleting read emails.

You begin by location – how the location of Files are written and how the location of a Registry key is written. The location written shows where it is at on the computer. This becomes essential in communicating that for help and also identification of a malware file or registry entry. In learning this, you will eventually be able to manually inspect your computer from time to time for malware as well – beyond simply blindly trusting security software that admittedly is not 100 percent effective. Eventually, through trial and error and repetition of visually identifying locations, you also learn the areas malware installs on the computer and this in turn makes you that familiar to ‘take a look under the hood’ and manually inspect your machine for malware entries. You may find inert inactive fragments or remnants of a spyware or adware installation that was removed previously. You may blunder onto a variant of a malware that was as yet undiscovered and make a report of that to antispyware companies at their websites – simply by recognizing the familiar files and registry entries of a previously removed installation from memory of it. This can occur during a registry cleaner scan as well – an item presented that turned out to be one of these. You can also report any left over item the antispyware program did not remove, and they will add that to current definitions…. but you must know location and how to write that. In the Windows Registry you can right click a key and click “Copy this Key Location” and then paste that in a text file or email. This is another way of seeing how the location is properly written and how that is pointing to it.

Unless you know what you are looking at DO NOT DARE DELETE ANYTHING IN THE WINDOWS REGISTRY OR YOUR WINDOWS OPERATING SYSTEM AND / OR OTHER SOFTWARE WILL BE RENDERED INOPERABLE… is the only way to say that.

Okay, let’s take that look under the hood. The  Windows Registry – how to get there?

Click > Start (lower left) > and click Run (on the menu) > and type in ” regedit ” in the little box. This automatically opens the Windows Registry.

On the left tree you click the little plus signs ( + ) that spread or collapse the tree. Collapse all the trees to the five sectors

HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT

HKEY_CURRENT_USER

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE HKEY_USERS

HKEY_CURRENT_CONFIG

Now spread the HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE key directory open. Skim down and spread open “Software”. Notice all the names of Folders of your software. These should be very, very recognizable to you by name.

Okay …. shut the Registry (you can return anytime). To close it just click the ” X ” (means close file) all the way uppermost top right corner.

Well now you’ve been inside the Windows Registry without touching anything. The area we were looking at is one of the most common places registry items are deleted from and I will show you why….

Now we are going to look at the Files these keys are all associated to – the software and system that entered them.

Right Click > Start (lower left) > on menu click Explore… this will automatically open Windows Explorer were all your Software Files and the Windows Operating System Files are at… Local Disk (C;) – the “C-Disk”.

Spread open the tree on the Left (the same manner of clicking once the little ( + ) plus sign)…

+My Computer to

+ Local Disk (C (The C Disk)

…and spread open C Disk (where all files are on)….

Skim (scroll) down to “Program Files” and spread that open. Hover on or highlight on “Program Files” on the left and tap or click that just once. Look in the right side. All the Program Files folders will appear and have their names on them. These, again, will be very recognizable by software name. These are the actual Software Program Files (inside the folders) and don’t touch them. (Any change there can corrupt the software programs – they must remain unchanged).

You will notice on the left side – spread open the Program Files tree spread and you will see on the tree every sub folder (directory) of Program Files you are looking at on the right for your installed software. Each software has its own Folder that occurs automatically when you click “Install”.

Now if you remember, over in Windows Registry these look very, very similar. Generally when you uninstall a software – whatever is left over (not removed) then is called an “orphan” meaning a file or key without a parent folder – here the Program Files folder – although many times the empty Program Files Folder is still there after an uninstallation. When you uninstall a software – the left over corresponding registry items are then instantly picked up in a registry cleaner scan as safe to delete because this software no longer exists obviously.

Now this is where quality comes in. Most registry cleaners are not worth 2 cents unfortunately as they find too many “false positives” – meaning they are detecting registry items that belong to valid programs installed and running on the computer. This is another reason you NEVER click Delete in a Registry Cleaner or ‘Move to Back Up Folder’ unless you have positively identified it as safe to delete. This is another reason I slam Spybot Search and Destroy which used to present registry items for deletion and is why actually in most circles it is deemed for advance use only, though all newbies are directed to use it by uninformed persons who preach to have blind faith with it. This you NEVER do when it comes to your Registry. Most times System Restore will replace Files deleted but many times it can not replace Registry items deleted. This mistake generally takes some Disaster Recovery program by the experienced, and may be possible to re-write deletions back into the Registry by the trained and experienced. Now you know why just ONE mistake in the Registry IS a disaster. Depending on what and where it was, Windows may not be able to operate properly again. The software certainly won’t and will cause the computer disk most likely to indefinitely freeze up or even constantly crash the computer altogether until fixed. If it was actually the fatal mistake of deleting part of the Windows Operating System, the cheapest way out would be to simply purchase a new Windows copy and start from scratch – because most likely it will never boot again until then – or in other words it would cost up to 3 and 4 and 5 times as much as a new license copy to drop it off at the Computer Repair Shop.

You must become very, very familiar by going back and forth manually and looking at both sides and are totally positive that a registry key you are going to delete is indeed some left over fragment of an uninstalled software.

If you are using a registry cleaner that does not allow you to double click an item after a scan and it automatically opens right to it in the Windows Registry highlighted – DUMP IT…. it is a piece of crap (feature-wise) and you don’t want to trust the idiot that made that treating you like an idiot unable to make an informed decision of deletions. (The old “trust your computer to no one but yourself, and you only have yourself to blame for it”).

If it does not give you the full location listed in the results of each item – DUMP IT – it is a piece of crap (feature-wise) and you don’t want to trust the idiot who made it who is treating you – the informed public – like an idiot. A 30 dollar loss is better than $3,000.00 !!!! worth of computer you can’t use if you spent it already for an inferior product.

For now as a beginner, I would get familiar with things first and just do a lot of dry runs…. do the registry scan after certain events and look over the results. See what shows up all of a sudden after uninstalls. You should begin to see a pattern and become that familiar with normal deletion operations that are safe. There is NO HURRY to delete anything. You can let the trash pile up a long time before you have to put it out.

The other thing that is going to help is learning to properly writing the Location of an item in Files and then in Registry – and learning how to locate them when you see this.

Example : Adobe

The Files location is written like this:

C:ProgramFilesAdobe

…. which means to go to Windows Explorer and on Local C Disk at Program Files – there, Adobe is a sub folder.

The main Registry Key looks like this:

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINESOFTWAREAdobe

…. Which means open the Windows Registry to Local Machine and in Software – Adobe is a sub key.

So Bottom Line is that you MUST locate each and EVERY registry item presented to you for deletion and inspect that. Is it truly a left over orphan belonging to nothing ? Is it in the location expected for this ? Until you can answer that like your life depended on it and you are actually that confident – YOU NEVER DELETE ANYTHING IN THE WINDOWS REGISTRY UNLESS YOU ARE ABSOLUTELY SURE.

The bottom line here is that I am passing on the general knowledge learned that brings any Computer Operator from novice to Advanced User. The chain goes for operators (users) like this universally: Novice (newbie) > Intermediate > Savvy > Advanced > Professional > Expert. ….So these lessons here, hopefully, should be enough to bring you up to Intermediate User at least, knowing and identifying Files and Registry entries in your computer – where to find them, and how locations are written and found – easily and effortlessly.

I hope this helped more than answers that may have hurt !

About Software Utilities Adding Restricted Sites lists to the Registry What Professionals and Experts say…..

You will see below a Professional explanation and why registry cleaners are used to prevent damage to Windows and/or softwares. Whereby certain utilities may add lists of sites and domains – this can be an exact example of “incremental entries” by softwares, or manually, into the Registry constantly per “definitions” (lists added) Updates….

Product Incrementation of Windows Registry – Windows Registry Size Limits http://www.liutilities.com/products/registrybooster/faq/registrycleaner/

“Fragmentation is a serious problem and occurs when application processes modify the registry continually and incrementally . Eventually registry file sizes may exceed the Registry Size Limits imposed by Windows. This causes subsequent modifications to the registry to fail. Most registry repair software allow you to defrag your registry ensuring that such issues do not occur. This is true prevention.”

…..the constant inordinate or unusual ‘incrementation’ of constantly adding Restricted Sites and domain entries in great mass volume offers no real protection – as malware circumvents the Restricted Sites feature of any browser anyway – and as explained will lead to failure of software running processes and application design as well as the Windows Operating System.

The Windows Registry has an imposed size limit. When this is approached and to succession – Windows will fail to operate as well as other software that relies on normal incremental changes such as definition updates to antivirus and critical Windows Updates as prime example. What is bottom line is, actually Windows can cease to function at some point of additions to the Windows Registry just like regular hard drive memory runs out at some point of continual downloads of files, media, etc.

SEE: Microsoft – Windows Registry Size Limits Imposed Below are the Experts and creators of Windows facts….

Windows Registry Size Limits Imposed / Microsoft… http://msdn.microsoft.com/msdnmag/issues/01/12/XPKernel/

There is a limit on the size of the System hive (the file that stores the HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINESystem key and its descendants) of 200MB, because of restrictions placed on the operating system boot loader by the environment in which it runs (the boot loader reads the System hive into memory very early in the boot process), but the limit for the System hive was just 12MB in previous versions of Windows…..

MORE: Registry Size Limit functionality has been removed from Windows Server 2003 and from Windows XP http://support.microsoft.com/kb/292726

Windows Registry Size Limits http://msdn2.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ms724872.aspx

RegistrySizeLimit http://www.microsoft.com/technet/prodtechnol/windows2000serv/reskit/r….

Don’t listen to hackers – and this is extremely crucial with all systems released before Windows XP. The XP size limit was increased but has an imposed Size Limit by Microsoft. Some say “don’t worry about it”… and those are just the persons you remember when your computer fails. Too late then. Hackers may tell you to set up “registry folders” for Windows 98 and 95 to place these downloads (lists) in that would save or add registry room which would be preposterous.. Hackers will tell you if and when you run out of room in XP you can “increase the paged pool size – no problem”. Neither of these work or are true and are bad hacks and may intentionally be attempting pranks at your expense to destroy peoples machines like the “kiddie script” malware writers – or for “bragging rights” achieved. DUMP IT ! Did you know that antispyware programs like Webroot Spysweeper and Trend Micro Antispyware and the free Microsoft Windows Defender have real time active shields that block all attempts at all sites – not just “the bad ones – Restricted Sites” ???

This is what any obviously bad ‘donate’ forum or bad repair shop will not tell you if they derive profit (kind of like lible malpractice, don’t you think?) at the expense of the unknowing consumer. The attempted and much greater protection  is very simple – for 30 dollars a year you are good to go with quality professional shareware at price enabling the real time protection with heuristics. End of story. Do it and dump it now before you injure your machine. The professional shareware has been the solution since their creations. Most popular and used and effective.

The Restricted Sites mass and incremental (add ons) writings are one major – over and above – example of Registry Damages / System Failures. In real world using Windows XP – “Will you ever run out of room and to damage or failure?” Maybe not in the lifetime of it, and depends on what else you install obviously. SEE “disposable web domains” that from 2007 on are as common as the “disposable free email accounts” used to commit UCE (Unsolicited Commercial Email – spammers) that are launching malicious content websites continually – so that in other words it is impossible for those type utilities triple staffed to even keep up to offer any full free protection. Humanly impossible. And again, there are many times I have seen the red “Restricted” in the browser tray and I am looking right at and navigating the website right in front of me. This Windows feature is obviously some archaic feature probably predating to Windows 95 or even earlier ? The language and cybercrime have changed and the feature is simply no longer effective and you are not protected so don’t be fooled with that fatal false sense of security. As well, there are legal liabilities that should require corrections when a bad website is purchased by someone else who puts out good safe content. This then can no longer be a “Restricted Site” as a malicious content site and could be another entrapment by some slick bad doers along the lines of suits for profit. Presumably these type softwares and websites offering them should have correction updates obviously or otherwise it seems an unlawful blocking by their software of a valid site now. Cybercrime is an ugly, ugly, ugly cyber place. Too bad the good have to play fair against the lawless.

 

Registry Information Links

•Microsoft: Description of the Microsoft Windows Registry http://support.microsoft.com/kb/256986

•AnnoyancesOrg: Introduction to the Registry http://www.annoyances.org/exec/show/registry

•ComputerHopeCom: Windows Registry help http://www.computerhope.com/registry.htm

•Uniblue Registry Cleaner Comparison Chart  LINKS/Soure: http://www.liutilities.com/products/registrybooster/comparisions/

 

•Registry Fix http://www.liutilities.com/products/registrybooster/comparisions/registryfix/

•CleanMyPC http://www.liutilities.com/products/registrybooster/comparisions/cleanmypc/

•ErrorNuker http://www.liutilities.com/products/registrybooster/comparisions/errornuker/

•System Mechanic http://www.liutilities.com/products/registrybooster/comparisions/systemmechanic/

•Registry Cleaner http://www.liutilities.com/products/registrybooster/comparisions/registrycleaner/

•Free Registry Fix http://www.liutilities.com/products/registrybooster/comparisions/freeregistryfix/

•Registry Repair http://www.liutilities.com/products/registrybooster/comparisions/registryrepair/

•jv16 Power Tools http://www.liutilities.com/products/registrybooster/comparisions/jv16powertools/

•3B Registry Repair Pro http://www.liutilities.com/products/registrybooster/comparisions/3bregistryrepairpro/

•Advanced Registry Doctor http://www.liutilities.com/products/registrybooster/comparisions/advregistrydoctor/

•Error Killer http://www.liutilities.com/products/registrybooster/comparisions/errorkiller/

•Registry First Aid http://www.liutilities.com/products/registrybooster/comparisions/registryfirstaid/

•Registry Mechanic http://www.liutilities.com/products/registrybooster/comparisions/registrymechanic/

•Advanced Administrative Tools http://www.liutilities.com/products/registrybooster/comparisions/advadmintools/

•Ace Utilities http://www.liutilities.com/products/registrybooster/comparisions/aceutilities/

•Error Doctor http://www.liutilities.com/products/registrybooster/comparisions/errordoctor/

 

Recommended – as the best money can’t buy….. RegSeeker is Genuine Freeware – no ads, not ad-driven – and is Upgraded and works with Windows Vista. Get the latest version….

RegSeeker 1.55: http://www.hoverdesk.net/ RegSeeker is a perfect companion for your Windows registry ! RegSeeker includes a powerful registry cleaner and can display various informations like your startup entries, several histories (even index.dat files), installed applications and much more ! With RegSeeker you can search for any item inside your registry, export/delete the results, open them in the registry. RegSeeker also includes a tweaks panel to optimize your OS ! Now RegSeeker includes a file tool to search for duplicate files, bad shortcuts and more ! RegSeeker is FREE for personal use only !

PowerTools Lite – The Freeware Registry and System Cleaner http://www.macecraft.com/powertoolslite2011/

PowerTools Lite 2011 is a freeware edition of jv16 PowerTools – the ultimate Windows optimization and tuneup utility suite. PowerTools Lite 2011 allows you to easily clean up your computer from unneeded data, unused temp files, registry left overs and automatically fix registry errors. NOTE: jv16 PowerTools has been about the best registry cleaner loaded with extra advanced features including registry editor for years and years since the beginning. Recently over a year ago they released the above free edition which has four levels of intensity clean for beginner to advanced. Very safe. Very trusted .

PREMIUM jv16 PowerTools: http://www.macecraft.com/

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jv16_powertools

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